Acontecimientos Sociales / Hegemonia
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Enviado por: celetr 01 mayo 2012
Palabras: 1443 | Páginas: 6
It can be say that Mexico has had four major stages throughout its history. Beginning with "Mexico in the pre-Hispanic or pre-Columbian" period that is distinguished above all by the fall of Tenochtitlan and the arrival, the of the Spaniards, the next period is called "Colonial Period", which represents when the country shared a bond with Spain, this period ended in 1810 with the beginning of the Independence, and gives way to "Modern Mexico" covering exactly a century; ending with the Mexican Revolution in 1910. From this year to date has been called what we know as “Contemporary Mexico" and this period include also the “Maximato”, the “Cardenismo” and the “Priismo”.
Mexico’s path toward democratic governance has been unique, after a prolonged and uncertain transition from a single-party dominance and newfound political transparency.
This paper will describe the main features of the new Mexican party system, arguing that the contemporary electoral arena can be considered competitive and “democratic” even if there remain impediments to full democracy in other dimensions of the political regime. First, It will be outlined the birth of the PRI and analyze the system that facilitated the party’s hegemony for more than 70 years. Then explore the reasons for the PRI decline and the factors that contributed to the emergence of democratic competition in Mexico. In a third section it will be described the creation of new political parties and how they struggled they way to political arena and also the creation of the IFE; finally end with a general review of the actual Mexican electoral policies.
PRI as a national party, hegemony and control
No analysis of the contemporary party system can be offered without reference to the history of PRI domination. While the evolution of electoral competition is less the focus of this paper than current electoral politics, I will provide both explicit and implicit comparisons of contemporary po
litics to those of the mid 1980s and before as they seem warranted. Mexico does not yet have a tradition of competitive electoral politics and the PRI has yet to yield the all important presidency, so the novelty of electoral competition and of the prospect of a non-PRI president must be underscored by reference to the history of PRI hegemony.
Although the armed phase of the Mexican revolution had ended in 1920, Mexico had continued to encounter political unrest. A grave political crisis caused by the 1928 assassination of the elect president Álvaro Obregón led to the founding in 1929 of the National Revolutionary Party (Partido Nacional Revolucionario: PNR) by Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexico's president from 1924 to 1928. The intent was to institutionalize the Mexican Revolution. In the first years of the party's existence, the PNR was, above all, the political machine of Calles. As 'Maximum Chief' of the party, he continued to hold the real power in an era known as the Maximato. Th ...
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