Biografías / Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

Trabajos Documentales: Abraham Lincoln
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Enviado por:  tomas  17 mayo 2011
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shing slavery. Even with these opponents, Lincoln successfully rallied public opinion through his rhetoric and speeches; his Gettysburg Address (1863) became an iconic symbol of the nation's duty. At the close of the war, Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily reunite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation. Lincoln has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest of all U.S. Presidents.

Born February 12, 1809

Hardin County, Kentucky

Died April 15, 1865 (aged 56)

Washington, D.C.

Resting place Oak Ridge Cemetery

Springfield, Illinois

39°49′24″N 89°39′21″W39.82333°N 89.65583°W

Nationality American

Political party Whig (1832–1854), Republican (1854–1864), National Union (1864–1865)

Spouse(s) Mary Todd Lincoln

Children Robert Todd Lincoln, Edward Lincoln, Willie Lincoln, Tad Lincoln

Occupation Lawyer

Religion See: Abraham Lincoln and religion

Signature

Military service

Service/branch Illinois Militia

Years of service 1832

Battles/wars Black Hawk War

George Washington (February 22, 1732 [O.S. February 11, 1731][1][2][3]– December 14, 1799) was the commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and the first President of the United States of America (1789–1797).[4] For his central role in the formation of the United States, he is often referred to as "the father of his country".[5][6]

The Continental Congress appointed Washington commander-in-chief of the American revolutionary forces in 1775. The following year, he forced the British out of Boston, lost New York City, and crossed the Delaware River in New Jersey, defeating the surprised enemy units later that year. As a result of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured the two main British combat armies at Saratoga and Yorktown. Negotiating with Congress, the colonial states, and French allies, he held together a tenuous army and a fragile nation amid the threats of disintegration and failure. Foll

owing the end of the war in 1783, King George III asked what Washington would do next and was told of rumors that he'd return to his farm; this prompted the king to state, "If he does that, he will be the greatest man in the world." Washington did return to private life and retired to his plantation at Mount Vernon.[7]

He presided over the Philadelphia Convention that drafted the United States Constitution in 1787 because of general dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation. Washington became President of the United States in 1789 and established many of the customs and usages of the new government's executive department. He sought to create a nation capable of surviving in a world torn asunder by war between Britain and France. His unilateral Proclamation of Neutrality of 1793 provided a basis for avoiding any involvement in foreign conflicts. He supported plans to build a strong central government by funding the national debt, implementing an effective tax system, ...



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