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Normas APA

Composiciones de Colegio: Normas APA
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Enviado por:  anaturrubiates  09 marzo 2014
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Updated July 2010

American Psychological Association (APA) 6th edition style


APA style is an author-date citation style. It was developed mainly for use in psychology, but

has also been adopted by other disciplines.

There are two major components to the APA author-date style – the in-text author-date

citation at the appropriate place within the text of the document, e.g. (Smith, 2010), and the

detailed reference list at the end of the document. All in-text citations must have a

corresponding reference list entry, and the converse applies for reference list entries.

Use the following instructions and examples as guide for your own referencing using the

APA style. This guide is based on more detailed information in:

• American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American

Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington D.C.: Author.

In text citing: General notes

• Insert an in-text citation:

o When your work has been influenced by someone else’s work, for example:

 When you directly quote someone else’s work

 When you paraphrase someone else’s work

• The in-text citation consists of:

o author surname(s) (in the order that they appear on the actual publication),

followed by the year of publication of the source that you are citing.

o Include page or paragraph numbers for direct quotes, and for paraphrasing

where appropriate

• The in-text citation is placed immediately after the text which refers to the source

being cited

• If quoting or citing a source which is cited within another, secondary reference,

mention the source with the secondary reference details: e.g. Smith (as cited in

Jones, 2010). Only the secondary reference should be included in the reference list.

Reference list: General notes

• Begin your reference list on a new page and title it ‘References.’ Centre the title on

the page.

• Double-space your reference list and have a hanging indent

a hanging indent is where the first line of each

reference is fully left justified

while subsequent lines are indented to the right. The width of the hanging

indent should be 5-7 spaces or 1.25 cm. Hanging indents and double spacing

are set by the word processors

• All of the references in the reference list must also be cited in the text. ...

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