Filosofía / Analisis Literario Del Poema 15 De Pablo Neruda

Analisis Literario Del Poema 15 De Pablo Neruda

Trabajos: Analisis Literario Del Poema 15 De Pablo Neruda
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Enviado por:  celidet  21 octubre 2011
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Poema XV

“If you ask me what my poetry is, I must say: I don’t know, but if you ask to my poetry who Am I, it would tell you who I am”. That’s what Pablo Neruda said on a recital on 1943. Actually he was right, he is known as the poet of loneliness and sadness. It would be strange to not find a symbolism of sadness or loneliness in a poem from Neruda. Poem 15 conforms part of a group of poems of Pablo Neruda called “veinte poemas de amor y una cancion desesperada”. This poem would take the title “poema de su silencio”. It also found the copy of the original of this poem and had two titles the second title was “Mariposa de sueño”. The poem 15 had several changes before the final version, but even so can express all his feelings in a beautiful and precise way. The poems of Neruda are full of metaphors, similes, comparisons etc. Neruda uses a very explicit and beautiful language. This poem expresses the romanticism, loneliness, sadness, hope and desolation. It is about a distant and almost invisible love, but despite all the obstacles he continues to loving her and he is able to prove it with his words full of a delicacy and inexplicable beauty. The majorities of Pablo Neruda’s poems are written in stanzas and can be identified easily because there is a blank space between each of them. The poet uses a meaningful sound method and produces a particular rhythm. Resources used in this poem are: comparison, metaphor, rhyme and alliteration.

The very beginning of this poem is about a woman and her silence and he makes a comparison. “me gustas cuando callas porque estas como ausente”. (Neruda Pablo “veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada” 43). This anaphor is repeated three times throughout of the poem. The silence of the beloved gives a feeling of unreality. The poet speaks of the silence of his beloved, and says he likes when she is quiet because he knows that the anguish, sadness and despair of silence will vanish when she smiles, because those feelings are

not certain. These are the comparisons made by Neruda in the poem: “como todas las cosas están llenas de mi alma”, “me gusta cuando callas y estas como distante”, “… tu silencio claro como una lámpara, simple como un anillo”, “eres como la noche, callada y constelada” Here he is returning to refer once more time to the silence of the beloved. A resource that Neruda is very frequently used in his poems is the metaphor.

The metaphor is an element that compares with another, but does not appear the comparative element. Here are the ones that Neruda writes in the poem 15 "viente poemas de amor y una canción desesperada”.”… y mi voz no te toca.”, “Parece que los ojos se te hubieran volado”, “Mariposa de sueño, te pareces a mi alma,”. This is a direct allusion to the beloved. “Tu silencio es de estrella, tan lejano y sencillo.” Throughout the poem 15 Neruda makes constant allusion to the distance between him and the beloved. Each and every one of the verses of the poem are perfectl ...



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