Historia / Histoy Of The English Languge -- Historia Del Idioma Inglés --

Histoy Of The English Languge -- Historia Del Idioma Inglés --

Ensayos y Trabajos: Histoy Of The English Languge -- Historia Del Idioma Inglés --
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Enviado por:  rrodriguezp  02 enero 2012
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HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

QUESTIONNAIRE CHAPTER I: OVERVIEW

1. How many people have the English language as their first language and how many are fluent English speakers?

About 400 million people have English as their first language

2. Mention the four most important sources of English words.

Latin (24,940); French (9,470); Scandinavian (1,530); and Spanish (1,280)

3. What labels are used for the different periods in the recorded history of English?

From its introductions on the island of Britain to the end of the eleventh century, the language is nowadays known as Old English (OE). From c.1100 to around the end of the fifteenth century is called the Middle English (ME) period, and from c.1500 to the present day is called Modern English (Mod.E) MoE is distintic therefore from present day English (PDE) which, if a period a all, extends at most to the childhoods of people now living, say from the early 20th century to the present.

4. Who were the Anglo-Saxons?

The Anglo-Saxon speakers of English has started to come from Britain early in the 5th C. from the lands across the North Sea-.

Bede states that the Anglo-Saxon invaders came from 3 tribes, the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes. He equates the Angles with Anglian, the Saxons with Saxon, and the Jutes with Kentish.

5. English is a dialect of what branch of Indo-European?

English was a dialect of the Germanic branch of Indo-European

6. Where did the Indo-European language originated?

Indo-European originated in the southern steppes of Russia, although an alternative view holds that it spread from Anatolia in Modern Day Turkey.

7. Which language is the closest to English in purest linguistic terms?

The closest language to English in purely linguistic terms is Frisian, still spoken by about 400,000 Frisian-Dutch bilinguals in the Dutch province of Friesland and a few thousand speakers in Germany, most of them in Schleswig-Holstein

8. What is comparative reconstruction?

Comparative Rec

onstruction allows one to fill in stages of language history for which there is no surviving historical evidence.

Example:

Sanskrit Greek Latin OE PD English*

pita pater Pater faeder Father

*present day English

9. What kind of influence did Celtic languages had on English?

The withdrawal of Rome from Britain in 410 may well have been the catalyst for the Germanic settlement. In Linguistic terms, obvious Celtic influence on English was minimal, except for place and river names, the important series of articles incorporated in Preusler (1956)

10. What kind of influence did Latin have?

Latin influence was much more important, particularly for vocabulary.

11. How can you explain the rapidity of Germanic settlement?

The rapidity of the Germanic settlement, which was far more a conquest of Britain, linguistically speaking, that the Norman Conquest 500 years later would be.

12. How many kingdoms did the Germanic invaders establish?

There were 7 kingdoms: Wessex, Essex, Sus ...



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