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Ideales De Libertad Y Surgimiento De Las Republicas Latinoamericanas

Ensayos de Calidad: Ideales De Libertad Y Surgimiento De Las Republicas Latinoamericanas
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Enviado por:  19940429  15 noviembre 2012
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To cite just a few examples, Frank MacDonald Spindler begins his account of Nineteenth Century Ecuador (item 2186) with a survey of "The Epoch of Independence and Gran Colombia, 1808-1830" but does not explain why "1808" was a pivotal year. Linda Alexander Rodríguez presumes that the national period began in 1830 in her The Search for Public Policy: Regional Politics and Government Finances in Ecuador, 1830-1940 (item 1975). Kenneth J. Andrien ends coverage of the colonial period in 1830 on the grounds that it marked the culmination of the independence movements and therefore the end of the colonial period in his The Kingdom of Quito, 1690-1830 (item1343). Parenthetically, it cannot be over emphasized, that Andrien's and Rodríguez's books have provided us with comprehensive and scholarly sound coverage of the political economy of Ecuador for two-and-a-half centuries (1690-1940), or somewhat more than half of the country's history, for the first time in the historiography of Ecuador.

The Oxford trained Enrique Ayala Mora, however, adopted 1822 as the beginning year for coverage of the political history of the national period in his Lucha política y origen de los partidos en Ecuador (item 2007). At the same time Ayala is one of the few Euadorianists to have addressed the problems of periodization. The only other was and may still be Gorki Elizalde in Periodización histórica del Ecuador (item 573), but Elizalde's analysis is so superficial as to be worthless.

This is what Ayala has to say:

No se ha discutido suficientemente si el proceso de independencia y la efímera vida de la Gran Colombia, constituyen una época histórica separada, o si deben, en rigor, ser considerados como el período final de la Colonia o el inicial de la República. No cabe duda de que esos años que van desde 1809 hasta 1830 tienen sustantividad propia y atestiguan acelerados cambios, dramáticos conflictos y una prolongada guerra que devino en el comienzo de la vida del

Ecuador. Pero pueden ser vistos como el inicio de la Época Republicana, en la medida en que constituyeron la ruptura definitiva del orden colonial y el lapso en el que se ensayaron inicialmente regímenes autónomos ("Periodización de la historia del Ecuador" [item 533], p. 240).

As of the late 1990s, the most complete as well as the most objective account of the movements for independence in Ecuador as a whole was Demetrio Ramos Pérez's Entre El Plata y Bogotá (item 1835). Nonetheless, Ramos Pérez's work suffers from many lacunae, largely because the historiography of the independence period on which he depended, continued to be skewed rather than balanced in terms of the period as a whole and far from adequate insofar as economic and social developments are concerned.

There were many books and even more articles on the 10 de agosto. The most significant monographs were: Manuel María Borrero's Quito, luz de América (item 1580) and his La revolución quiteña, 1809-1812 (i ...



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