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Economia Ambiental

Trabajos: Economia Ambiental
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Enviado por:  Jillian  14 junio 2011
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What are the main steps in CPTED projects? 1. engage the support of residents and other key partners 2. identify crime and disorder problems in and around the site 3. analyse current or proposed design based on existing crime problems and

potential criminal opportunities

4. develop preventive or corrective design options 5. carry out preferred option 6. monitor and evaluate how the implemented option affects crime, resident

surveillance, interaction, and territoriality

7. disseminate and promote evaluation results

When can CPTED be applied? CPTED can be applied to identify and remove potential problems in proposed developments. It can also be used to correct existing design problems that may invite crime.

What are some CPTED tactics?

Neighbourhoods:

     

minimize the number of entry and exit points on a block design roadways to discourage through-traffic maximize residents’ ability to view public spaces encourage residents’ use of public spaces provide appropriate lighting for streets, paths, alleys, and parks encourage residents to watch over each other

Houses:



clearly delineate private property (e.g., yard, driveway, walkway) from public space (e.g., street, sidewalk) through shrubbery, alternate paving stone colour, and changes in grade provide unobstructed views of surrounding area ensure entrances are visible and overlooked by window avoid landscaping that may conceal offenders install bright security lights use solid-core exterior doors use solid door frames with proper strike plates

     

Apartment buildings:

     

provide common spaces to encourage tenant interaction minimize the number of units sharing a common entrance equip entrances with an intercom system ensure hallways are well-lit install deadbolt locks and peep holes on unit doors provide children’s areas that can be easily observed



provide windows that allow for surveillance in laundry rooms

Parking lots and garages:

    

avoid enclosed, underg

round, multi-story garages install bright lights over driving lanes and parking spaces use paint to increase light levels control access and egress with automatic doors and gates avoid pillars and recesses that may hide offenders

Public spaces:

   

encourage use by legitimate users avoid placing dark, and or hidden areas near activity nodes install appropriate lighting avoid placing covered outdoor areas where loitering may be a problem

Who are other key CPTED partners? CPTED works best when fully supported by the community. Other key partners include:



neighbourhood residents: who can make their communities safer through participation in the development and implementation of CPTED-based strategies for crime prevention new home buyers: who can ask for a home built to CPTED principles apartment building managers: who can organize the safety of tenants elected officials: who can encourage the integration of CPTED principles into official plans, zoning by-laws and development

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