Negocios / Relaciones Comerciales Entre La Unión Europea Y México

Relaciones Comerciales Entre La Unión Europea Y México

Ensayos: Relaciones Comerciales Entre La Unión Europea Y México
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Enviado por:  Elodie  17 octubre 2012
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Trade relations between the EU and Mexico are governed by the Free Trade Agreement in force since 2000, which has allowed significant growth in bilateral trade and has acted as a catalyst for investment flows. Market access is by far the reason why the FTA was negotiated; when NAFTA entered into force, the EU's market share dropped 50%. As for Mexico, it sought to attract further FDI and reduce its economic dependence on the US. Since then, the FTA has served as a powerful instrument to foster a closer co-penetration of both economies. It reinforced Mexico's position as an export-oriented manufacturing center, with guaranteed preferential access to the world's both largest markets, and its average yearly investments flows have tripled. It also contributed to raising the country's competitiveness, not only thanks to the diversification of its trade in goods but also thanks to the liberalization of trade in services.

• Total trade: € 40.1 in 2011

• The EU is Mexico's third trade partner

• Mexico is the EU's 21rst trade partner

• Main EU exports to Mexico: machinery, transport equipment and chemicals

• Main Mexican exports to the EU: crude oil, machinery and transport equipment.

• Trade in services amounts to € 8.2 billion

• Accumulated FDI flows since 2000: $ 102.6 billion USD


EU-Mexico trade amounted to over 40 billion EUROS last year (with a significant surplus for the EU of 7.5 billion €), which represents a 16.1% increase compared to 2010. EU exports totaled 23.8 billion € while Mexican exports to the EU reached 16.3 billion €. The growth in total EU-Mexico trade since 1999, just before the FTA, was 150% (120% for EU exports to Mexico and 220% for Mexico exports to the EU). The EU's share in Mexico's trade at 8.1% in 2011 was slightly lower than before the global crisis erupted (9.3% in 2008), as the recovery from the crisis

has been slower for EU-Mexico trade than with other partners. The EU is now Mexico’s 3rd most important trade partner (after the US and China) and the 2nd source of foreign direct investment.

EU exports to Mexico: 23.8 billion € in 2011

In 2011, EU exports to Mexico amounted to 23.8 billion €, 11.6% above their level in 2010 and 120% above their level in 1999.

The most important product group was machinery and transport equipment (44%), followed by chemicals (18%, including pharmaceuticals) and fuels and mining products (11%, mainly refined gasoline); agricultural products (including raw materials and fish) only counted for 3.5%. On the whole, the EU plays an important role as a provider of capital goods and intermediate products which enter into the production processes of assemblers frequently exporting to the US and other destinations. The large trade deficit Mexico has with the EU is thus largely offset by its surplus with the US.

EU imports from Mexico: 16.3 billion ...

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