Temas Variados / Bullying

Bullying

Ensayos: Bullying
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Enviado por:  632gonzalez  08 julio 2013
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Bullying

Bullying is the use of force or coercion to abuse or intimidate others. The behavior can be habitual and involve an imbalance of social or physical power. It can include verbal harassment or threat, physical assault or coercion and may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on grounds of race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability.[2][3] If bullying is done by a group, it is called mobbing. The victim of bullying is sometimes referred to as a "target".

Etymology

The word "bully" was first used in the 1530s meaning "sweetheart", applied to either sex, from the Dutch boel "lover, brother", probably diminutive of Middle High German buole "brother", of uncertain origin (compare with the German buhle "lover"). The meaning deteriorated through the 17th century through "fine fellow", "blusterer", to "harasser of the weak". This may have been as a connecting sense between "lover" and "ruffian" as in "protector of a prostitute", which was one sense of "bully" (though not specifically attested until 1706). The verb "to bully" is first attested in 1710

Characteristics

Of bullying in general

Bullying consists of three basic types of abuse – emotional, verbal, and physical. It typically involves subtle methods of coercion such as intimidation. Bullying behavior may include name calling, verbal or written abuse, exclusion from activities, exclusion from social situations, physical abuse, or coercion.[10][16]

Trends

• Cyber Bullying is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones.

• Mean Girls: Recently, there has been a significant statistical and anecdotal increase in bullying and violence among young girls across the country. Fe

male youth are more likely than males to report being the targets of rumors and sexual comments.

Female youth most often bully other girls, using more subtle and indirect forms of aggression than boys. Acts of relational aggression are common among girls in American schools.

• Gun Violence: Between 1994 and 1999, there were 220 school associated violent events resulting in 253 deaths - - 74.5% of these involved firearms. Handguns caused almost 60% of these deaths. (Journal of American Medical Association, December 2001)

START

Bullying can start at a very young age with biting, pinching and scratching.

Teasing, taunting and glaring follow as students get older, along with shoving, pestering and fighting.

Boys generally threaten, fight, name call, and steal.

Girls generally exclude others, gossip, and undermine friendships

Give youth a chance to practice how to be decided, respectful and persistent when using these skills:

• Use your attention to perceive a problem sit ...



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