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Categoría: Historia

Enviado por: Eric 16 mayo 2011

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olution and complete Reconquest.

1816 October 28 Execution of Francisco José de Caldas

1817 November 14 Execution of Policarpa Salavarrieta

1818 September 25 Doña Manuela Sáenz de Thorne saves Simón Bolívar from an attempted assassination

1819 February 5 The Congress of Angostura

1819 July 25 Vargas Swamp Battle

1819 August 7 Battle of Boyacá.

1819 October 11 For order of Francisco de Paula Santander, Spanish colonel Jose Maria Barreiro and 38 Spanish officers were executed in Bogotá.

1821 August 30 Congress of Cúcuta and Constitution of Cúcuta

1828 August 27 After the failure of the constitutional convention of Ocaña Simón Bolívar proclaimed himself dictator, through the "Organic Decree of Dictatorship".

1830 September 15 Rafael José de Urdaneta y Faría is Provisional Chief of the Government of the Republic of Gran Colombia

1830 December 17 Simon Bolívar dies in Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino near Santa Marta

1830 The Federation of Gran Colombia is dissolved

1831 May 2 Joaquín Mariano Mosquera y Arboleda is President of the Republic of New Granada

1832 March 10 José Ignacio de Márquez is President of the Republic of New Granada

1832 October 7 Francisco de Paula Santander is President of the Republic of New Granada

1832 October 7 Coat of Arms of Colombia is officially adopted

1835 Start the Colombian coffee industry with the first commercial crops in Norte de Santander

1837 Colombian peso replaces Colombian real as official currency

1839 The War of the Supremes (Spanish: Guerra de los Supremos, also called the Guerra de los Conventos) extended from 1839 to 1841, caused by the ambitions of various regional leaders (gamonales) to seize power and depose President José Ignacio de Márquez

1840 Foundation of Villavicencio by Esteban Aguirre

1841 April 1 Pedro Alcántara Herrán is President of the Republic of New Granada

1845 April 1 Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the Republic of New Granada

1849 Foundation of Manizales by Antioquian colonists

1849 April 1 José Hilario López is President of the Republic of New Granada

1851 October 14 José de Obaldía is President of the Republic of New Granada

1853 April 1 José María Obando is President of the Republic of New Granada

1854 April 17 José María Melo is President of the Republic of New Granada

1853 April 1 Manuel María Mallarino is President of the Republic of New Granada

1856 June 11 Creation of the Sovereign State of Antioquía

1857 June 15 The Law of June 15, 1857, created the other states that would go on to form the Granadine Confederation: The Sovereign State of Bolívar, The Sovereign State of Santander, The Sovereign State of Cauca, and The Sovereign State of Magdalena

1858 The Granadine Confederation is created.

1858 May 22 Mariano Ospina Rodríguez is president of the Granadine Confederation

1860 May 8 Newly appointed Supreme Director of War Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera declared the Sovereign State of Cauca a separate nation from the Granadine Confederation and Colombian Civil War (1860–1862) broke out

1861 April 1 Bartolomé Calvo is President of the Granadine Confederation

1861 July 18 Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the Granadine Confederation

1863 Foundation of Pereira, Colombia by Remigio Antonio Cañarte

1863 The name of the Republic is changed officially to "United States of Colombia" through the Rionegro Constitution

1863 May 14 Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is the first President of the United States of Colombia

1863 November 26 The Flag of Colombia is officially adopted

1864 April 8 Manuel Murillo Toro is President of the United States of Colombia

1865 Kola Román, a popular Colombian soft drink is introduced by Carlos Roman

1866 April 1 José María Rojas Garrido is President of the United States of Colombia

1866 May 22 Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the United States of Colombia for second time

1867 May 12 Joaquín Riascos is President of the United States of Colombia

1867 May 23 Manuel María de los Santos Acosta is President of the United States of Colombia

1867 Foundation of Leticia, Colombia by Benigno Bustamante

1868 April 1 Santos Gutiérrez is President of the United States of Colombia

1870 April 1 Eustorgio Salgar is President of the United States of Colombia

1872 April 1 Manuel Murillo Toro is President of the United States of Colombia for second time

1874 Santiago Pérez de Manosalbas is President of the United States of Colombia

1876 April 1 Aquileo Parra is President of the United States of Colombia

1878 April 1 Julián Trujillo Largacha is President of the United States of Colombia

1880 April 8 Rafael Nuñez is President of the United States of Colombia

1882 April 1 Francisco Javier Zaldúa served as President of the Rionegro Convention, a constituent assembly that created the United States of Colombia (now present day Colombia). As President of this legislative body, Zaldúa became the de facto President of the United States of Colombia for 6 days, when President Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera ceded executive power to the Convention, and until the said convention elected a Council of Ministers to serve collectively as the Colombian head of state.

1882 December 22 José Eusebio Otalora is President of the United States of Colombia, in his capacity as the Second Presidential Designate following the death of President Francisco Javier Zaldúa, and the non acceptance of the office by the First Designate Rafael Núñez.

1884 April 1 Ezequiel Hurtado is President of the United States of Colombia

1884 August 11 Rafael Nuñez is President of the United States of Colombia for second time

1884 August 28 ETB (company) is created, being the first telecommunications company in Colombia

1886 President Rafael Nuñez creates the Colombian Constitution of 1886, which has been one of the longest lasting constitutions in the western hemisphere, and with the Reforms of 1910, 1936, 1958, 1968, 1973 and 1986 was the constitution of Colombia until 1991. The country adopts its present name: "Republic of Colombia"

1886 April 1 on March 30, 1886, president Núñez presented his resignation to Congress due to his poor health condition caused by dysentery. José María Campo Serrano is sworn in as Acting President, becoming the first President of Colombian Republic

1887 January 7 Eliseo Payán is the 2nd president of Colombia

1887 June 4 Rafael Nuñez is the 3rd President of Colombia

1888 Carlos Holguín Mallarino is the 4th President of Colombia

1889 October 14 Foundation of Villa Holguin (Later Armenia, Colombia ) by Jesus Maria Ocampo

1891 November 5 Colombian National Police is created

1892 August 7 Miguel Antonio Caro is the 4th president of Colombia

1892 September 29 Rafael Nuñez is the 5th President of Colombia

1894 September 18 Miguel Antonio Caro is the 6th president of Colombia

1896 May 26 Poet José Asunción Silva commits suicide

1898 Manuel Antonio Sanclemente is the 7th president of Colombia

1889 October 17 The Thousand Days War (1899–1902) (Spanish: Guerra de los Mil Días)

[edit] 20th century

Year Date Event Image

1900 May 26 President Manuel Antonio Sanclemente extended the deadline for completion of the Panama Canal from October 31, 1904 to October 31, 1910.[3] The executive decree was granted without consent of the Colombian Congress.[4]

1900 May 26 Battle of Palonegro

1900 June 19 Date of death of Salvador Camacho, called the "founder of sociology" in Colombia.

1900 July 31 José Manuel Marroquín is president of Colombia

1900 August Naturalist Soto Grimshaw dies of cholera during an expedition to the Caribbean Region of Colombia

1901 February 23 Battle of Aguadulce

1901 Colombian Geographer Francisco Javier Vergara y Velasco publishes the first complete cartographic charts of the country, the Atlas completo de geografía colombiana (1906–1910), through which he won the Charles Manoir price of the Paris Geographical Society.

1901 Manuelita became the first Colombian sugar mill to move from mule to steam powered mills

1902 October 24 The peace treaty that ends the thousand days war is signed on the Neerlandia plantation

1903 Panama remained as a province of Colombia until this year, when – with backing from the United States in exchange for allowing the US to build the Panama Canal – it became independent (Separation of Panama from Colombia)

1903 January22nd The United States and the Republic of Colombia sign the Hay-Herran Treaty

1903 October 26 The United States Navy patrol gunboat USS Nashville blocks Colombian attempts to suppress the Panamanian separatist movement

1904 June 16 Date of death of Manuel Uribe Ángel, known for his great contributions to the advances of the practice of medicine in Colombia and the Antioquia Department. He also served as President of the then Sovereign State of Antioquia

1904 August 7 Rafael Reyes is president of Colombia

1904 October 11 Creation of Postobón soft drinks company

1910 August 7 Carlos Eugenio Restrepo is president of Colombia

1910 Colombian astronomer Julio Garavito Armero discovers the crater on the Moon's far side which is named after him (Garavito crater).

1914 August 7 José Vicente Concha is president of Colombia

1915 May 9 Indigenous nasa leader Quintín Lame is arrested for attempting the creation of an indigenous independent republic

1918 Marco Fidel Suarez is president of Colombia

1926 Miguel Abadia Mendez is president of Colombia

1927 The Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia is created

1928 December 6 The Banana massacre, in Spanish, Matanza de las bananeras or Masacre de las bananeras: A massacre of workers for the United Fruit Company that occurred in the town of Ciénaga near Santa Marta

1930 Enrique Olaya Herrera is president of Colombia

1932 September 1 The Colombia-Peru War

1934 Alfonso López Pumarejo is president of Colombia

1934 First census in Colombia. Population:8.700.000

1935 June 24 Argentinian singer Carlos Gardel dies in a plane crash in Medellín

1938 Eduardo Santos Montejo is president of Colombia

1942 Alfonso López Pumarejo is president of Colombia for a second time

1945 April 29 Date of death of impressionist painter Andrés de Santa Maria

1945 Alberto Lleras Camargo is president of Colombia

1946 Mariano Ospina Pérez is president of Colombia

1948 April 9 Murder of politician Jorge Eliécer Gaitán. Bogotazo riots. Starts the bipartisan violence ("La Violencia")

1950 Laureano Gómez Castro is president of Colombia

1953 June 13 Gustavo Rojas Pinilla seized power by means of a coup d'état

1954 August 3 President Rojas Pinilla government gives women the right to vote

1954 Rojas Pinilla introduced the Television in Colombia

1955 Rojas Pinilla ordered a military offensive against rearmed peasants triggering a confrontation known as the "Guerra de Villarrica" (War of Villarrica) which took place in the central town of Villarrica in Tolima Department.

1956 June 24 the Liberal Party headed by Alberto Lleras Camargo and the Conservative Party headed by Laureano Gómez signed an accord on June 24, 1956 to begin the National Front (Colombia).

1958 Dr. Jorge Reynolds Pompo is credited with having helped in the design of the first successful internal pacemaker

1960 Creation of the first Natural protected area in Colombia, the Cueva de los Guacharos National park

1961 October 28 Hurricane Hattie moves over San Andrés island with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h), causing 1 death, 15 injuries, and $300,000 in damage (1961 USD, $2.1 million 2008 USD).

1962 Guillermo León Valencia is president of Colombia

1962 July 25 Luz Marina Zuluaga wins Miss Universe beauty contest

1964 The refractive surgery keratomileusis was developed by Ignacio Barraquer in Bogotá.

1964 May Marquetalia Republic is overrun by the Colombian army (during what was termed "Operation Marquetalia")

1965 January 7 The National Liberation Army (Colombia) (ELN) guerrilla is created

1966 Carlos Lleras Restrepo is president of Colombia

1970 Misael Pastrana Borrero is president of Colombia

1972 Discovery of Ciudad Perdida archaeological place

1974 Alfonso López Michelsen is president of Colombia

1974 The Black Tuna Gang, a Miami-based Colombian marijuana-trafficking group was responsible for bringing in over 500 tons of marijuana over a 16-month period in the mid-70s ("the marijuana bonanza").

1976 December Starts the development of Cerrejón Coal mine. It is the largest mining operation in Colombia and among the largest open-pit coal mines in the world

1978 Julio César Turbay Ayala is president of Colombia

1980 February 27 Dominican embassy siege

1980 June Serial killer Pedro López a.k.a Monster of the Andes confessed to over 300 murders

1981 Homosexuality in Colombia is declared legal by the national government

1982 Belisario Betancur is elected president of Colombia

1982 Paramilitary group "Muerte a Secuestradores" (MAS) is formed

1982 Antioquian entrepreneur Felix Correa and his bank FURATENA get convicted for financial fraud causing a collapse in the national financial system

1982 September 1 Mother Teresa visits Colombia

1982 October Gabriel García Márquez win the Nobel Prize in literature

1982 Colombia resigns as host for 1986 Soccer World Cup due to scarcity of public resources

1983 March 31 Popayán is partially destroyed by an earthquake during the traditional celebrations of Holy week

1983 Pablo Escobar attends Colombian congress sessions as backup of congressman Jairo Ortega

1983 President Betancur announces Colombia has signed in the Non-Aligned Movement

1983 Businessman Roberto Soto steals 13.5 million dollars from the national budget with the help of a teleprinter machine

1983 General Prosecutor Carlos Jimenez declares that MAS group have underground relations of support with the National Army

1983 Guerrilla leader Manuel Marulanda announces to the press that the FARC guerrilla has grown to 28 main divisions, causing international concern

1983 1983 Guerrilla leader Jaime Bateman Cayon a.k.a. "El Flaco" dies in a plane crash near the Gulf of Urabá while traveling from Santa Marta to Panama

1983 Jumbo 747 airplane of Avianca airllines, in flight from Bogotá, crashes in Mejorana del campo, near Barajas airport in Madrid, Spain. 189 passengers die, including Art critic Marta Traba

1984 Minister of Justice Rodrigo Lara Bonilla is shot to death by teenager hitmen hired by the Medellín Cartel. One of the hitmen, Byron de Jesus Velasquez, is captured

1984 March 10 Tranquilandia, a large cocaine processing laboratory located in the jungles of Caquetá, constructed for the Medellín Cartel is destroyed by units of the Colombian National Police, assisted by the DEA

1984 President Betancur achieves a ceasefire with 80% of guerrilla forces in the country. In the case of FARC, this would be linked to the creation of the political movement Patriotic Union (Colombia) UP during the next year.

1984 Dissident guerrilla 19th of April Movement (M-19) attacks Florencia, Caquetá. Over 100 civilians dead

1985 January 10 Elkin Lucena performed the fist successful In vitro fertilization, that allowed the birth of the first Latin American test tube baby (Carolina Mendez).

1985 The Gorgona Island prison is dissolved and the island is declared National park

1985 May 23 Guerrilla leader Antonio Navarro is victim of a bomb that nearly killed him, and loses one leg

1985 July Colombian cyclist Luis Herrera wins the Vuelta a España, first South American to win a Grand Tour

1985 September 16 Ceroxylon quindiuense is declared as the National tree by the national government

1985 November 6 M19 guerrilla attacks the supreme court in the Palace of Justice siege. The president of the Supreme Court of Colombia and many magistrates, employees and bystanders get killed. Over 100 fatal victims and undetermined number of missing persons. The army is accused of forced disappearance of civilians

1985 November 13 In the worst natural disaster in the history of Colombia, Armero city in Tolima Department is destroyed due to a flood created by the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Armero tragedy). Over 20.000 dead. Countless homes destroyed.

1985 December 14 Cardiologist Alberto Villegas performed the first heart transplant in Latin America to Antonio Yepes.[5]

1986 Virgilio Barco is elected president of Colombia

1986 El Espectador newspaper director, Guillermo Cano is shot to death by hitmen

1986 Guerrilla leader Javier Delgado kills 150 fellow guerrilleros of the Ricardo Franco Group, in the Tacueyó massacre, because he suspected them to be infiltrated

1986 December 4 Campo Elías Delgado Morales, a Vietnam War veteran kills 28 persons (including his mother) and leaves 15 injured, in the Pozzetto restaurant massacre, presumably due to mental illness. The events are depicted in the 2006 movie Satanás (film)

1986 July 3 Pope John Paul II visits Bogotá and the remains of Armero tragedy

1986 August 9 Miguel "Happy" Lora wins the world boxing championship in the bantamweight division

1987 February 4 Drug dealer Carlos Lehder is captured in a farm near Medellín at 6:20a.m. The same day at 5:20 p.m he is extradited and sent in a DEA turbocommander airplane to USA

1987 October 11 UP leaders Jaime Pardo Leal and Hector Abad are killed in La Mesa, Cundinamarca. Eventually this movement would be lose more than 3000 of their members due to violence

1987 Guerrilla groups attack a military convoy in Caqueta breaking the 1984 truce. 42 soldiers dead and 27 injured

1987 Colombian Navy ship ARC Caldas sails in waters of Atlantic ocean in dispute with Venezuela creating a serious diplomatic incident

1988 Paramillitary groups commit massacres in Saiza, Mejor Esquina and Segovia, Antioquia

1988 March 21 Colombian Painter Dario Morales dies in Paris

1988 General Prosecutor Carlos Mauro Hoyos is killed by hitmen

1988 The first election of city majors for popular vote

1988 June Serial killer Daniel Barbosa a.k.a the Beast Of The Andes confessed 72 murders

1988 Politicians Álvaro Gómez Hurtado and Andrés Pastrana are kidnapped by narcotrafficking related groups

1988 collapse of Stock market due to incarceration of financial managers Juan Ricardo Escobar and Guillermo Uribe Holguin

1988 Massacre of Trujillo, 107 victims. On December 19, 2006 Henry Loaiza-Ceballos was accused by Colombian authorities of being responsible for the massacre

1988 First Iberoamerican Theater Festival in Bogotá. 100.000 people attend to the closing act in Plaza de Bolívar

1988 August 18 Luis Carlos Galán, Politician and candidate to presidency is killed by hitmen in Soacha during a public speech

1989 November 27 Avianca Flight 203 airplane HK1803 explodes in the air with 107 people on board, few minutes after leaving El Dorado International Airport as a result of a bomb planted by the Medellín Cartel. No survivors

1989 December 6 7:30 a.m. The Security Administration Department building (Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad DAS) and an important part of the commercial area of Paloquemao district in Bogotá are destroyed by a bomb, in what is considered the worst terrorist attack in Colombian history

1989 Drug dealer Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha is killed in a military operation

1989 First reports of the presence of Coffee borer beetle in Colombian coffee crops

1990 M19 Guerrilla leader Carlos Pizarro Leongómez is killed by hitmen when he was a presidential candidate

1990 March 22 UP leader politician Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa is killed by hitmen

1990 César Gaviria is elected President of Colombia

1990 El Tiempo newspaper director Francisco Santos is kidnapped

1990 20 Emberá indigenous people are killed in the Caloto, Cauca massacre due to land ownership disagreements with local landlords

1991 January Journalist Diana Turbay is killed while kept kidnapped in a farm near Sabaneta

1991 January Drug dealers Fabio, Juan David and Jorge Luis Ochoa Vázquez (The Ochoa brothers) and Pablo Escobar surrender themselves to the authorities

1991 February 17 Opening of the national assembly for reform to the 1886 national constitution (Constituent Assembly of Colombia)

1991 Rafael Pardo is the first civilian to be designated as minister of defense

1991 Minister of economy Rudolph Hommes announced the new aperture politic for international trade inspirited in the Russian perestroika and the creation of the National bank for international trade Bancomex

1991 Starts the first concessions for mobile telephony

1992 The Office of the Attorney General of Colombia is created, with Gustavo de Greiff designated as the first Attorney General

1992 Noemí Sanín is the new minister of foreign affairs. She is the first women to be designed as a minister in Colombia

1992 The collapse of the national electricity generation system causes massive power blackouts all over the country with an average of 18 hours/day without electricity from March 1992 to April 1993

1992 July 20 Pablo Escobar escapes from the Cathedral Prison

1992 Fernando Botero presents a collection of 31 sculptures in an outdoors exhibition in the Champs-Élysées in Paris

1992 November 15 Villatina Massacre

1993 January 14 Galeras volcano eruption killed nine people, including six scientists who had descended into the volcano's crater to sample gases.

1993 Massive celebration of the winning of Colombian soccer team in a play against argentinian team in Buenos Aires with final score 5-0. Riots all over the country.

1993 The national government achieves commercial treaties with Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador

1993 November Bomb explodes on 15th Avenue of Bogotá, near the intersection with 93rd Street (in front of Centro 93 mall). 10 people die, over 100 injured

1993 December 2 Pablo Escobar dies in combats with the police

1994 February 11 CONVIVIR (Spanish for to coexist) program of cooperative neighbourhood watch groups is created by a decree of Colombia's Ministry of Defense

1994 May 20 Manuel Elkin Patarroyo received the Prince of Asturias Awards by his technical and scientific research in the development of syntetic malaria vaccine

1994 Ernesto Samper is elected president of Colombia

1994 8000 Process scandal of Cali Cartel narcotrafficking money investment in the Samper electoral campaign starts with the public broadcasting of tapes from telephonic conversations among Minister Alberto Giraldo and drug dealers Gilberto and Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela

1994 Former president César Gaviria is designated as OEA general secretary

1994 A team of 10 people steals pesos from the Republic Bank in Valledupar in the biggest bank robbery in the Colombian history

1994 July 2 Due to the poor performance of the national soccer team in the USA soccer World Cup, an angry soccer aficionado shot to death soccer player Andrés Escobar

1994 Paez river flood in Cauca department kills hundreds of people and destroys villages in a length of 40 km

1995 January Plane crash in Marialabaja, Bolívar Department. 52 dead, only survivor 9years old girl Erika Delgado

1995 February Luciano Pavarotti gives a concert in Bogotá

1995 June 9 Drug dealers Miguel and Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela (The Rodriguez Brothers) are captured in a police operation

1995 76 years old conservative politician Álvaro Gómez Hurtado is murdered by hitmen

1995 November 30 Start operations of rapid transit rail system Metro de Medellín

1995 December Plane crash near Cali airport. American Airlines plane with 152 occupants. 9 survivors

1996 Antioquia governor Álvaro Uribe orders the capture of the German citizens Werner and Michela Mauss, suspected of being FARC collaborators

1996 March of protest of 90.000 cocaleros (coca leaf illegal farmers) from Guaviare Department and Putumayo Department ended with 12 cocaleros dead. Army soldiers accused of brutality

1996 June 26 La Gabarra Massacre

1996 July 24–27 Hurricane Cesar moves westward across the southern Caribbean and crosses over extreme northern Colombia and the San Andres archipelago. Cesar kills 11 people in Colombia due to flooding and mudslides.[6]

1996 Guerrilla attack to the military base "Las Delicias" in Putumayo. 29 soldiers dead, 20 injured, 60 kidnapped

1996 November Aterciopelados band ranks number 1 in the MTV network, becoming the most successful Colombian rock band

1997 April 15 Drug dealer Phanor Arizabaleta-Arzayus, member of the Cali Cartel is captured at a road checkpoint

1997 April Salvatore Mancuso and Carlos Castaño conformed what they called the "Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia" (AUC) United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia

1997 "Miti-Miti" corruption scandal, involving Ministrer of communications Saulo Arboleda and minister of mining and energy Rodrigo Villamizar accused of obtaining illegal profit of 100 fm radio concessions

1997 July 15 Mapiripán Massacre

1997 September Carlos Castaño in a press interview admits responsibility for the Mapiripán Massacre. AUC is listed by the US Department of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.

1997 October Bird (sculpture by Fernando Botero) was destroyed by a terrorist attack in downtown Medellín. About 17 people died. Several body parts remained unidentified. The remains of the sculpture are displayed in San Antonio Square as a memorial for the victims

1998 Andrés Pastrana is elected as president of Colombia

1998 June 20 Plan Colombia (Treaty signed with USA for support in War on Drugs) is officially unveiled by President Pastrana

1998 Gloria Zea, director of the national Modern Art Museum organizes one of the largest art exhibits in Colombia "Arte y Violencia en Colombia" as a commemoration of 50th anniversary of the start of the bipartisan violence La Violencia

1998 Fernando Botero donates 100 of his works and 60 pieces of his private art collection (19th and 20th centuries) to the Antioquia Museum

1998 November 7 President Pastrana granted to the FARC guerrilla a 42,000 km2 (16,200 sq mi) safe haven meant to serve as a confidence building measure, centered around the San Vicente del Caguán settlement

1999 January 19 The 1999 Armenia earthquake devastates Armenia, Colombia. Over 2000 dead, 3000 missing persons and a quarter million people homeless

1999 April 14 ELN guerrilla kidnap Fokker airplane with 41 occupants in Bolívar department

1999 April 22 Serial killer Luis Garavito is found guilty of the murder of 138 boys. (The total number of victims according with Garavito confessions off-record is estimated up to 300 boys and an undetermined number of adults)

1999 May 30 Mass kidnapping of 70 people in La Maria church in Cali

1999 August 13 Comedian Jaime Garzón is murdered by hitmen

1999 November 13–16 Strong waves from Hurricane Lenny affect the Guajira Peninsula of Colombia, flooding 1,200 homes and businesses along the northern coastline. In addition, winds and rains from the hurricane causes severe crop damage in the country.[7] The hurricane kills two in Colombia.[8]

1999 November 29 Date of death of Colombian essayist and historian Germán Arciniegas

1999 Betty la fea soap opera a.k.a Ugly Betty reach the highest levels of rating and the script is sold to different producers in several countries

[edit] 21st century

Year Date Event Image

2000 March 30 A car bomb parked in front of the mayor's office in Cachipay (Cundinamarca Department) detonated, causing injuries to nineteen and deaths to four

2000 June The sport of Precolumbian origin; Turmequé or tejo is declared as the National sport by the Colombian congress

2000 Fist Olympic gold medal in Colombian history, earned by María Isabel Urrutia in weightlifting

2000 April 11 ELN bombs damage 4 meetinghouses of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon Church); bridge attack kills 1, injures 20.[9]

2000 May 15 A woman was killed by a time bomb fastened to her neck by FARC guerrilla; 1 bomb disposal specialist died trying to deactivate the bomb and other 3 were wounded.[10] The 2007 movie PVC-1 is based in this incident

2000 September 4 A 70 kilograms of R1 explosive bomb exploded in Barrancabermeja's commercial district, injuring four policemen, two security guards and two civilians. The bomb was made of. The intended target was apparently the National Customs and Tax Directorate (DIAN).[11]

2000 August 30 USA president Bill Clinton and his daughter Chelsea visit Cartagena de Indias

2000 October 15 A bomb went off in Cali outside a rehabilitation center in the Obrero neighborhood. Two children were killed and thirty other injured. An explosive device went off in a Christian church in Cali, killing two and injuring fifteen.[12]

2000 October Macayepo massacre in Montes de María

2000 November 14 th A guerrilla group gave a homeless man a package that, unbeknownst to him, was filled with explosives. The package exploded as he walked through the banking sector of Cali, killing him and wounding four others. The package reportedly contained 500 grams of ammonium nitrate fuel oil.[13]

2000 December 4 Politician Fernando Araújo Perdomo is kidnapped by the Farc guerrilla

2000 December 18 Opening of the mass transportation system Transmilenio in Bogotá

2001 April 24 the House of Representatives Committee on International Relations published the findings of its investigation into IRA activities in Colombia

2001 May 4 A car bomb kills four and injures 32 in a luxury hotel in Cali. No group claims the attack.[14]

2001 May 17 A car bomb kills 20 and injures at least 50 in a park in Medellín.[15]

2001 July 11 to 29 Soccer tournament Copa America 2001 was held in Colombia

2001 August 11 Arrest of the Irish Colombia Three charged with training FARC rebels in bomb-making

2001 August 23 In a series of attacks near Medellín, 10 bombs kill one and injure 39 others.[16] At least 15 members of terrorist group ELN die when the explosives they were carrying detonate.[17]

2001 September 29 Politician Consuelo Araújo is murdered while being kidnapped by FARC guerrilla

2001 The stock markets of Cali, Medellín and Bogotá are fused into a single entity: Bolsa de Valores de Colombia

2001 Singer Shakira Mebarak wins a Grammy Award for her MTV unplugged

2002 January 25 A bomb kills a child and four police officers and injures 28 people in Bogotá. Rebel group FARC is blamed

2002 January 30 A car bomb kills five and injures 40 in the city of Florencia in the department of Caquetá

2002 February 21 President Pastrana ended the peace talks and ordered the armed forces to start retaking the FARC-EP controlled zone of San Vicente del Caguan

2002 February 24 Oxygen Green Party Politician Ingrid Betancourt is kiddnapped by FARC guerrilla

2002 March President Uribe decided to appoint Marta Lucía Ramírez as Minister of Defense becoming the second woman in Latin America to ever hold this title, after Michelle Bachelet

2002 April 7 Two bombs explode in the restaurant district of Villavicencio, killing twelve and injuring 70. FARC is the prime suspect for the attack.[18]

2002 April 11 Two police officers and a girl are killed by a bomb concealed in the corpse of a peasant (Pedro Nel Camacho) apparently executed by the FARC guerrilla with such purpose [19]

2002 April 12 12 politicians in Valle del Cauca are kidnapped using a hoax antibomb operative, starting the Valle del Cauca Deputies hostage crisis

2002 April 12 A rocket explodes near the studios of RCN TV in Bogotá.[20]

2002 April 14 During an assassination attempt of then-presidential candidate Álvaro Uribe Vélez a bomb kills two and injures 20 in Barranquilla. Rebel group FARC is blamed.

2002 May 26 Cali bishop Isaias Duarte is murdered by hitmen

2002 May 2 Bojaya massacre in Chocó Department. A bomb destroys the local church. 117 dead, 114 injured.

2002 August 7 Álvaro Uribe is elected president of Colombia

2002 August 7 Four rounds of mortars are fired against the Presidential Palace in Bogotá during the inauguration ceremony of President Álvaro Uribe Vélez. 13 people, mostly homeless, die and 50 are wounded. FARC is blamed.[21]

2002 November 24 Guerrilla leader alias Simon Trinidad is extradited to USA

2002 December 13 A bomb destroys 30th floor of the Intercontinental Hotel in downtown Bogotá. 37 people injured.[22]

2003 January 16 A car bomb kills four and injures 27 at a shopping mall in Medellín. The attack is believed to be a retaliation of FARC for the arrest of 53 of its members in the preceding days

2003 February 7 2003 El Nogal Club bombing. Car bomb kills 36 and injures more than 200 at the El Nogal social club in Bogotá; FARC rebels are blamed

2003 February 14 A bomb kills 18 and wounds 37 in Neiva, destroying 70 homes. Amongst the dead are the chief prosecutor in Neiva and the chief of police. FARC is blamed for the attack.[23]

2003 March 5 A car bomb kills six and injures 68 in a covered parking lot in Cúcuta. Rebel group ELN is blamed for the attack.[24]

2003 May A group of Colombian Army soldiers, part of a Counter-terrorism unit, while cleaning up after an ambush by guerillas makes the surprising discovery of several tubs buried in the jungle which hold $16.75 million US dollars in cash. They decide to keep the money for themselves, leading to their capture and trial. These events are depicted in the 2006 movie A Ton of Luck

2003 May 8 A bomb kills three in an attack against a water treatment plant in Cali.

2003 August 24 Six die and 28 are wounded when a bomb explodes in a riverboat in the town of Puerto Rico. Rebel group FARC is blamed.[25]

2003 September 11 A bomb strapped to a horse kills eight and injures 15 in the village of Chita, Boyacá. The attack is blamed on FARC, as the same technique had been used in the past.[26]

2003 September 29 A motorcycle packed with explosives kills ten and injures 54 in downtown Florencia, Caquetá. Rebel group FARC is blamed.[27]

2003 October 8 A car bomb kills six and injures eleven in downtown Bogotá.[28]

2003 November 15 A grenade attack from a motorcycle kills two and injures seventy in the Bogotá Beer Company, a popular pub in Bogotá. Two FARC members were captured.

2003 December Biologist Raul Cuero wins NASA Technology Award for his research in removal of radionuclides such as uranium, using Martian simulated soil

2004 March 15 Date of death of popular salsa dancer Amparo Arrebato

2004 May 1 Ecuadorian government placed further stringent visa restrictions on Colombians seeking to enter Ecuador

2004 May 22 A bomb exploded in a crowded tavern/discothèque at 11:00 pm Saturday night killing six (some reports indicate seven) and wounding eighty-two. The bomb was packed in a small suitcase and left in the bathroom by suspected Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) rebels. It is believed the bombing was part of a FARC campaign marking the organizations 40th anniversary.

2004 August 4 A bomb exploded at a bridge in Medellín moments before a parade of antique cars was scheduled to cross it, as the closing event at the annual Festival of the Flowers. 35 people injured.

2004 October 29 A bomb exploded near a bus stop along Bogotá's Transmilenio bus system route. A taxi passing by was caught in the blast resulting in the death of the driver and a passenger. 30 surrounded houses destroyed

2004 November 22 USA president George W. Bush visits Cartagena de Indias

2004 November 28 A bomb exploded beside the mayor's office in the Rafael Uribe district of Bogotá

2004 November 30 Three people were killed and eight wounded when a fragment grenade was left at a supermarket checkout counter

2004 December 13 Rodrigo Granda affair. FARC guerrilla leader Rodrigo Granda, was captured by individual Venezuelan officials in Caracas, Venezuela, and transferred to Cúcuta, Colombia (a departmental capital on the two nations' common border), where he was arrested by the Colombian authorities on December 14, generating a diplomatic crisis with Venezuelan government.

2004 December 30 Radio Televisión Nacional de Colombia (RTVC) replaced the liquidated Instituto Nacional de Radio y Televisión (Inravisión) as the government-run radio and television broadcasting service

2005 January Colombian justice adopts the adversarial system

2005 February 1 FARC attacks the Iscuande marine base in Narino Department with homemade rockets, killing 15 soldiers and injuring 25.[29]

2005 February 3 A bridge was blown up in Putumayo Department, killing eight soldiers and a civilian.[29]

2005 April 6 An ambush in Arauca state, near Venezuela, kills 17 soldiers.[30]

2005 June 24 FARC attacks military positions in the location of Puerto Asís in the Putumayo department, killing 25 and wounding 20 in a single operation.[31]

2005 October 27 The islands of San Andrés and Providencia are evacuated due to Hurricane Beta (2005).[32] Hours later, a hurricane watch was issued.[33]

2005 December 27 FARC launches a massive attack in the remote village of San Marino in the Chocó Department, killing at least six police officers along with the temporary abduction of some thirty, before they were released by the guerrillas on December 20 due to military pressure.[34]

2005 December 28 FARC rebels ambush troops near Vista Hermosa, Meta, killing 28.[35]

2006 May 28 Álvaro Uribe is re-elected for a second presidential term

2006 July 31 16 soldiers die in an ambush in Tibú and a car bomb kills one and injures 22 in Bogotá. Both attacks are blamed on FARC.[36]

2006 August 4 A car bomb kills five outside a police station in Cali. FARC suspected responsible.[37]

2006 October 19 A car bomb explodes in a military college in northern Bogotá.[38]

2006 November 9 The Supreme Court ordered the detention of three congressmen implicated in the signature of an illegal agreement with the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia at Santa Fe de Ralito starting the Colombian parapolitics scandal

2006 December First Narco submarines of Colombian origin seized by the U.S. Coast Guard, authorities dubbed it Bigfoot because they had heard rumors that such things existed, but nobody had actually seen one.[39]

2006 December 10 Paramilitary leader Salvatore Mancuso surrenders to the Colombian authorities

2007 January 5 kidnapped politician Fernando Araújo Perdomo escaped from his captors after a Colombian National Army military operation in the Montes de María mountains. Araújo spent several days in hiding without food or water until eventually finding help.

2007 March 1 Ten injured in a car bomb blast in Neiva, capital of Huila; rebel group FARC is believed responsible. The action is suspected to be an assassination attempt on Neiva's mayor.[40]

2007 March 3 A bomb kills four police officers and one civilian in the city of Neiva, as they attempt to deactivate it

2007 March 16 A bomb kills 16 and injures 16 in Buenaventura. Authorities blame FARC.[41]

2007 April 7 The first Colombian satellite, Libertad I is launched in orbit from Baikonur cosmodrome

2007 April 28 Kidnapped police officer Jhon Frank Pinchao escapes from the FARC guerrilla spending near a month lost in the jungle

2007 May Virginia Vallejo, media personality and former lover of Pablo Escobar, published her memoir Amando a Pablo, odiando a Escobar (Loving Pablo, Hating Escobar), where she accused several Colombian presidents of involvement with drug traffickers

2007 June 28 Murder of the politicians kidnapped in the Valle del Cauca Deputies hostage crisis causes national outrage

2007 September 7 Colombian coffee achieves Protected designation of origin status granted by the European Union [42]

2007 December 13 International Court of Justice of The Hague concluded the long-time dispute with the Republic of Nicaragua over the San Andrés y Providencia Islands in favor of Colombian sovereignty over the San Andres Archipelago, ratifying the Esguerra-Bárcenas treaty.[43] signed between 1928 and 1930 [44]

2008 January 10 Former vice presidential candidate Clara Rojas and former congresswoman Consuelo González are freed after nearly six years in captivity

2008 March 1 The Colombian military attacks a FARC camp inside Ecuador's territory. Several guerrilla casualties including guerrilla leader Raul Reyes strarting the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis

2008 March 3 Iván Ríos, a member of the FARC Central High Command was killed by his security chief "Rojas".

2008 March 26 Guerrilla commander Manuel Marulanda Vélez dies

2008 May 18 Guerrilla leader Elda Neyis Mosquera alias "Karina" surrenders herself to the military forces

2008 July 2 Under a Colombian military operation called Operation Jaque, the FARC was tricked by the Colombian Government into releasing 15 hostages to Colombian Intelligence agents, including Ingrid Betancourt, U.S military contractors, and Colombian soldiers and police officers

2008 August 15 Ituango, Antioquia. Seven people were killed and more than 50 wounded when a bomb detonated in a small town

2008 August 21 Colombia has chosen the European DVB-T standard for Digital terrestrial television

2008 October 30 Denounces about Colombian army soldiers involved with criminal bands with the purpose of lure unsuspecting unemployed or homeless people into isolated areas where they were murdered and the scenes were staged as combats against guerrilla as means of enhance their achievements and get Performance-related payments, were investigated. The events, known as the false positive scandal drove to the destitution of forty officers and the resign of Commander-in-chief, general Mario Montoya.[45]

2008 November 12 Riots broke out in the municipalities of Pasto, Tumaco, Popayán and later spread all over the country after the collapse of several pyramid schemes. Thousands of victims had invested their money in pyramids that promised them extraordinary interest rates. The lack of regulation laws allowed those pyramids to grow excessively during several years. Finally, after the riots the Colombian government was forced to declare the country in economical emergency in order to seize and stop those schemes. Several of the pyramid's managers were arrested and are being prosecuted for the crime of "illegal massive money reception".[46]

2008 November 22 Colombia and Canada signed a new $1.14 billion dollar bilateral trade agreement (the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement) at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting.

2009 January 8 Colombian drug lord and head of the Caqueta cartel Leonidas Vargas is murdered inside a hospital. his brother(Héctor Fabio Vargas) and his girlfriend (Colombian actress Liliana Andrea Lozano) were tortured and murdered [47] in Pradera, Colombia.[48]

2009 January 8 Recognition of same-sex unions in Colombia is achieved by rule of the Constitutional Court

2009 January 11 Reports of mass murders of Awá (kwaiker) indigenous people by FARC guerrilla

2009 February Colombia has extended its existing tobacco control regulations by a smoking ban requiring all indoor work places and public places be immediately smoke-free;prohibiting tobacco advertising, promotions and sponsorship

2009 February the fossils of 28 individual Titanoboa cerrejonensis, the largest snake ever discovered, were announced to have been found in the coal mines of Cerrejón in La Guajira, Colombia.[49]

2009 March The Alvarez case was uncovered when 59-year old Arcedio Alvarez was arrested in Mariquita, Colombia, accused of sexually abusing his now 30-year old daughter Alba Nidia Alvarez since the age of 9.[50] The daughter also gave birth to 11 children, three of whom died.[51]

2009 March the Colombian government enacted a mandate to introduce E85 flexible-fuel vehicles

2009 March 15 Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo gets ranked in the Forbes list of world billionaires.[52]

2009 April The Colombian armed forces launched Strategic Leap,[53] an offensive in borders areas where the FARC's forces has still a strong military presence, especially in Arauca, near the Venezuelan border.[54]

2009 April Colombian drug lord Daniel Rendón Herrera alias Don "Mario" is captured while hiding in a jungle.[55]

2009 May 13 Vallenato composer and troubadour Rafael Escalona dies due to heart failure.[56]

2009 May 14 During his visit in Colombia, the Czech Republic Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek negotiated a possible sale of the combat aircrafts Aero L-159 Alca with Colombian President Álvaro Uribe.[57][58]

2009 June Clara Guerrero wins Women's World Championship World Ranking Masters

2009 July The Colombian government claimed that AT4 anti-tank rockets manufactured by Saab Bofors Dynamics of Sweden, which were later purchased by Venezuela were being used by the FARC. In response, President Chavez ordered most staff members of the embassy in Colombia to return to Venezuela, including the ambassador. Only the "lowest functionaries" were left to staff the embassy.[59]

2009 July 18 Ricardo Londoño, Colombia's first Formula One driver is murdered in the north Colombian Córdoba Department.

2009 August 8 Cuban artist Tania Bruguera sets a controversial performance in the National University of Colombia (Bogotá branch), included consumption of cocaine[60] provided by the artist to the attendants.[61][62]

2009 August 30 President Álvaro Uribe had contracted the AH1N1 flu virus, becoming the second head of state to do so (the first being Óscar Arias).[63]

2009 September 11 A group of eradicators of Coca crops near the village of La Gabarra, Municipality of Tibú, Norte de Santander is attacked by guerrilla forces with a donkey with bombs attached to it. 2 people deceased[64]